One of the essential things in Archery is the type of bow you use. There are many different types you can choose from, and you can read about some of them below.
What Materials are Bows Made of?
The most traditional material used is wood. People mostly use it to create bows, like yumi, Longbow, or Flatbow. Another type of material used in making bows is fiberglass. It’s not the best choice material, and people choose fiberglass when buying cheaper bows, toys, or specialist bows. People make Composite bows from a combination of materials, such as fiberglass and wood, which gives the bow better flexibility. Some bows are laminated, which means you can make them from a combination of materials welded together, making up new, more durable material. Lamination is used in the manufacturing of many types of bows nowadays.
Modern Bow Types
There are a few types of modern bows, including recurve bows, crossbows, and compound bows. Crossbows look more like rifles than regular bows. The string is pulled back via a mechanism and put into place when you press the trigger. Compound bows have more powerful shots because of a mechanism (pulley system) that helps them in drawing the bow. The recurve is the only allowed bow style used in the Olympics. Their top limbs are curved in the opposite direction of the archer, which helps the shot’s power and speed.
Traditional Bow Types
There are four traditional types of bows:
- The Longbow – this type is the most traditional, and it’s in the shape of the capital “D” letter. You can typically make it from the yew tree or elm, but modern bows are laminated from different materials to make it stronger.
- The Reflex Bow – this type of bow’s limbs curve away from you when you unstring it, and when you draw it, the limbs go into normal position, the force from them flexing back gives the shooting power.
- The Kyudo Bow – this type of bow is related to the Japanese Kyudo (a martial art), it’s usually similar to the Longbow. It is made of bamboo, but people create modern bows of this type from more durable materials like carbon fiber or fiberglass.
- The Flatbow – the Flatbow’s limbs are rectangular and make it look flat, that’s where the name comes from. It used to be a weapon of the Native Americans, and it might predate the recurve.
Bows for “Specialists”
There are several types of unique bows created specifically for discipline or purpose.
- Survival Bows – they can be easily assembled, and sometimes even have places to put the arrows.
- Foot Bows – people designed these types of bows to be used in a sitting position while you use your feet to hold the bow and your hands to draw it.
- Horse Bows – there are particular types of bows created for mounted archers.
- Flight Bows – they are used for an individual discipline called flight archery, where the archer’s goal is to shoot the arrow as high and as far as possible.